The Largest Stock Markets in India You Need to Know!

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If you're wondering which is the largest stock exchange in India, let us tell you that the National Stock Exchange (NSE) is the biggest stock exchange in India. When it comes to market capitalization, it is also the eleventh largest stock exchange in the world.

At NSE, you can trade in seven market categories, including equity, futures and options (F&O), mutual funds, the wholesale debt market, the retail debt market, currency derivatives, and lending and borrowing of shares. Established in November 1992, its headquarters is located in Mumbai.

After receiving recognition as a stock exchange by SEBI, trading operations commenced in 1994. NSE also holds the distinction of being the first Indian stock exchange to introduce an automated screen-based trading system.

The Largest Stock Markets in India

The Largest Stock Markets in India: What You Need to Know!

National Stock Exchange (NSE)

The National Stock Exchange (NSE) is India’s largest stock exchange, with its headquarters located in Mumbai. Established in November 1992, NSE is also the eleventh largest stock exchange in the world in terms of market capitalization. Trading at NSE encompasses seven market categories, including equity, futures and options (F&O), mutual funds, the wholesale debt market, the retail debt market, currency derivatives, and lending and borrowing of shares. Notably, NSE introduced the first automated screen-based trading system in India after receiving recognition as a stock exchange by SEBI in 1994.

NameNational Stock Exchange (NSE)
HeadquartersMumbai
EstablishmentNovember 1992
Market CapitalizationEleventh largest globally
Market CategoriesEquity, futures and options (F&O), mutual funds, wholesale debt market, retail debt market, currency derivatives, lending and borrowing
Notable AchievementIntroduced India's first automated screen-based trading system after SEBI recognition in 1994

Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE)

The Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) holds the distinction of being the first stock exchange in Asia, with its headquarters located in Mumbai. Established in July 1875, BSE became officially recognized as a stock exchange by the Securities Contracts Regulation Act in August 1957. In 2012, BSE became part of the United Nations Sustainable Stock Exchanges initiative. Notably, it is currently the fastest exchange in the world, with an average trading speed of 6 microseconds. BSE lists approximately 5,000 securities, with its key index being the Sensex. Other major indices include Bankex, BSE 100, BSE 200, Realty Index, among others.

NameBombay Stock Exchange (BSE)
HeadquartersMumbai
EstablishmentJuly 1875
RecognitionOfficially recognized as a stock exchange by the Securities Contracts Regulation Act in August 1957
Key IndexSensex
Other Major IndicesBankex, BSE 100, BSE 200, Realty Index, and many more

India International Exchange (India INX)

The India International Exchange (India INX) is the first international exchange in India, inaugurated by the Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in January 2017. Situated in Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India INX operates under the regulation of the International Financial Services Centre (IFSC) and is overseen by the Indian Ministry of Finance. It specializes in trading currency/commodity derivatives and stock/index derivatives, offering trading in financial market products 22 hours a day. Additionally, India INX has introduced an efficient and transparent cash collection method through the Global Securities Market platform, enhancing its overall market operations.

NameIndia International Exchange (India INX)
LocationGandhinagar, Gujarat
EstablishmentJanuary 2017
InaugurationInaugurated by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi
Regulated byInternational Financial Services Centre (IFSC), Indian Ministry of Finance
Trading Hours22 hours a day
SpecializationTrading currency/commodity derivatives and stock/index derivatives
Notable FeatureIntroduced efficient and transparent cash collection method through the Global Securities Market platform

NSE IFSC Limited

NSE International Exchange (NSE IFSC Limited) is a wholly-owned subsidiary of NSE. It was established on November 29, 2016, as a SEBI-approved stock exchange and is located in Gandhinagar, Gujarat. Trading operations at NSE IFSC Limited commenced on June 5, 2017, offering the trade of stocks, indices, commodities, currencies, and derivative instruments.

NameNSE IFSC Limited
EstablishmentNovember 29, 2016
LocationGandhinagar, Gujarat
Commencement of TradingJune 5, 2017
OfferingsStocks, indices, commodities, currencies, and derivatives

Metropolitan Stock Exchange (MSE)

Metropolitan Stock Exchange of India Limited (MSE) is a recognized stock exchange by SEBI, providing an advanced and transparent electronic trading platform. Here, you can trade across different markets including the stock market, the debt market, F&O, and currency derivatives. MSE launched its primary SX40 index on February 9, 2013, with actual trading commencing on February 11, 2013. If you're looking for secure and regulated trading in India, MSE offers a range of options across various market segments, making it an integral part of the Indian financial landscape.

EstablishmentFebruary 9, 2013
RecognitionRecognized by SEBI
LocationIndia
Trading SegmentsStock market, debt market, F&O, currency derivatives
IndexSX40
Trading CommencementFebruary 11, 2013

If you are considering trading stocks, bonds, or derivatives in India, there are several highly regulated and government-recognized exchanges that you can consider. One option is the IndoNext, which is promoted by BSE and supports advanced trading. IndoNext includes regional stock exchanges such as the Inter-connected Stock Exchange of India, Bangalore Stock Exchange, Madras Stock Exchange, Vadodara Stock Exchange, and Ludhiana Stock Exchange. These exchanges offer a platform for secure and regulated trading activities.

Furthermore, if you are interested in trading specifically in companies under the SME segment, you have the option to choose the OTC Exchange of India, also known as the Over the Counter Exchange of India. This exchange provides opportunities for trading in the SME segment, catering to specific preferences in the Indian market. Each of these exchanges has its own unique characteristics and advantages, catering to different trading needs and preferences within the Indian financial market.

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